Posts Tagged ‘donation’

July 9, 2012

Organ donation and priority points in Israel: an ethical analysis


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In order to combat low rates of deceased donor donation, Israel has adopted an innovative program that gives potential recipients extra points if they or a relative have agreed to donate an organ. The authors argue the ethical merits and disadvantages of such a system, highlights issues of potential inequalities related to: (a) the number […]

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July 9, 2012

Effect of an iPod video intervention on consent to donate organs: a randomized trial


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Racial disparities in intention to donate are well known. This randomized study showed a short iPod video to Ohio residents going to the DMV, and measured whether it increased organ donor designation on a license, permit, or identification card. The researchers found an increase in designations for both black and white participants. While there is […]

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April 14, 2012

Nudge, nudge or shove, shove – the right way for nudges to increase the supply of donated cadaver organs


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This article advocates the use of “nudges” to increase the supply of donated organs.  A nudge is “any aspect of the choice architecture that alters people’s behavior in a predictable way without forbidding any options or significantly changing their economic incentives” eg. changing the sign on a waste receptacle from “waste” to “landfill” to encourage […]

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April 14, 2012

The dead donor rule and means-end reasoning–a reply to Gardiner and Sparrow


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Gardiner and Sparrow argued in a 2010 article that the pre-mortem procedures as typically used in donation after cardiac death (DCD) protocols violate a proper understanding of the dead donor rule (DDR). Napier argues that whether or not particular pre-mortem interventions violate this condition of respect for the donor will depend on whether they are […]

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April 14, 2012

Potential limitations of presumed consent legislation


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The authors attempt to challenge the belief that presumed consent results in higher rates of deceased donation. They interviewed 15 participants from 13 countries with presumed consent legislation and found that: (1) donation was always discussed with family; (2) content of family discussion varied; (3) donation would not proceed if family objected; and (4) other […]

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