Posts Tagged ‘living donation’

June 21, 2013

Optimal Testing of the Live Organ Donor for Blood-Borne Viral Pathogens: The Report of a Consensus Conference


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Transmission of infection from donor to recipient is an an inherent risk in transplantation that can likely never be completely eliminated. This is true even in living donation, where transmission of hepatitis C and HIV has been reported. This paper reports the results of a conference on this topic. Most significant is the fact that […]

No Comments Posted in Cardiac Transplantation, Intestinal Transplantation, Liver Transplantation, Lung Transplantation, Pancreas Transplantation, Renal Transplantation, Transplant Infectious Disease, Uncategorized
July 9, 2012

Informed Consent for Living Donation: A Review of Key Empirical Studies, Ethical Challenges and Future Research


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This paper reviews the empirical research that has been done regarding informed consent for living organ donation. The author reviews research surrounding: disclosure of donor risks and sensitive information, voluntariness, the decision-making process and donor satisfaction post-transplant. This well referenced paper is a concise summary of research in this field.

No Comments Posted in Liver Transplantation, Lung Transplantation, Renal Transplantation
December 19, 2011

Psychological Factors Influencing Donors Decision-Making Pattern in Living-Donor Liver Transplantation


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It has been purported that post transplant psychological function of living-liver donors is affected by the process of which their decision to donate was made. This study investigated 165 living-donor candidates using standardized psychological testing and semi-structured interviews, and compared results among the groups classified by type of individual and family decision-making process utilized to […]

No Comments Posted in Liver Transplantation
November 18, 2011

Should we use living donor grafts for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma? Ethical considerations


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The paper examines whether living donor grafts for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma should even be used, and whether the same criteria that apply to deceased donor liver transplantation (DDLT) allocation (Milan and UCSF criteria) are applicable in this situation.  The authors explain that DDLT is governed by justice and utility concerns, but that living donor […]

No Comments Posted in Liver Transplantation
November 18, 2011

The Ethical Complexities of Online Organ Solicitation via Donor-Patient Websites: Avoiding the “Beauty Contest”.


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This study criticizes websites which attempt to match potential organ donors and recipients as violating the principles of altruism and justice on which the traditional organ allocation process has been based.  The authors posit that such sites devolve into high tech “beauty contests” in which candidates whose story or physical appearance is more attractive are […]

No Comments Posted in Cardiac Transplantation, Liver Transplantation, Lung Transplantation, Renal Transplantation
November 18, 2011

Screening and Follow-Up of Living Kidney Donors: A Systematic Review of Clinical Practice Guidelines


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Careful screening of potential living kidney donors is crucial to ensure that only appropriate patients are allowed to donate, and keep the risk of donation to a minimum. This systematic review found nine different sets of guidelines about living donor evaluation published over the last fifteen years. While there was broad agreement in most areas, […]

No Comments Posted in Renal Transplantation
October 1, 2011

Donor quality of life in living-donor lobar lung transplantation


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The quality of life (QOL) of 42 living lobar lung donors was investigated in a cross sectional study using the 36-item Short Form (SF-36) Health Survey to evaluate physical and mental health outcome of donors after transplant. Donors were of mean age 42 years. Results found that overall physical and mental health scores of donors […]

No Comments Posted in Lung Transplantation
July 4, 2011

Living Donor Age and Kidney Transplant Outcomes


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This large single-center study examined the effect of living-donor age on the outcomes of renal transplantation. Living-donor kidneys from older donors were associated with a higher incidence of post-transplant proteinuria. The relationship between living-donor age and long-term graft survival was also more significant for younger, but not older recipients.

No Comments Posted in Renal Transplantation