October 18, 2009

The Pattern of Excess Cancer in Dialysis and Transplantation


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End-stage renal disease, whether treated by dialysis or transplantation, is associated with an increased incidence of cancer. Using a large registry, these authors estimated the relative risk for different types of cancer for both dialysis and transplant patients. Cancers known to occur with an elevated incidence in dialysis patients showed a similar rate in transplant patients, as opposed to those cancers thought to be related to
immunodeficiency, which occurred in a much higher incidence among transplant patients. The rate of cancers thought to be not related to immunodeficiency or ESRD was similar to the general population in both groups.

Renal Transplantation